Lapland Region, Eastern Lapland, Sodankylä
Area 65.95 km², established in 1988
Viiankiaapa is one of the most outstanding aapa mires in the Sodankylä area. It is characterised by vast flark fens, on which strings may extend unbroken for several kilometres. The flarks are wide, and there are also large open water pools. The mire is flanked by pine bogs, and the site also features rich birch fens, which are typical of aapa mires in Central Lapland. Diverse mire nature and a wide range of bird species make Viiankiaapa a fascinating destination for day trips all year round.
Viiankiaapa is included within the national Mire Conservation Programme, so most of the reserve was established in 1988. The rest of the site was established by forming a protected area in accordance with the Nature Conservation Act. Viiankiaapa is part of the Natura 2000 network, and its total area is 65.95 km2.
Viiankiaapa consists of a large aapa mire system, whose most important Natura habitats that must be protected are aapa mires and raised bogs, rich fens, petrifying springs, bog woodland and western taiga. Ten plant species classified as threatened or near-threatened have been found in the area. In addition, there are sightings of 90 bird species, of which 21 have been listed as threatened or near-threatened. The traditional uses of the site include reindeer husbandry, hunting, berry-picking and recreation. There are two nature trails with campfire sites that offer great opportunities for hiking and other outdoor recreation.
The area is managed by Metsähallitus, Parks & Wildlife Finland, Lapland, address: P.O.Box 8016 (Ounasjoentie 6), FI-96101 Rovaniemi, Finland.