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Instructions on Exploring Hämeenkangas

In Hämeenkangas, the following are


  • Hiking, skiing and camping in the area are Everyman's Rights (ymparisto.fi), but we recommend that you stay overnight at lean-to shelters and campfire huts. Hämeenkangas is a military practice area and due to military activity there are sometimes restrictions on which areas visitors may enter. More information: Niinisalo garrison tel. int. +358 2 99800.
  • Picking berries and mushrooms


  • Entering the area and moving around within it when there is a military exercise taking place
  • Driving any vehicle off roads
  • Lighting campfires, which is only allowed at sites marked for this purpose


  • Driving through the grounds of Niinisalo garrison
  • Entering fenced off areas
  • Lighting campfires when there is a forest fire warning or the grass fire warning is in effect, also in campfire huts and lean-to shelters. Check the current warnings (en.ilmatieteenlaitos.fi)
    • This prohibition does not apply to cooking shelters or other fireplaces with a flue and a roof. 
  • Letting pets run free


Mobile Phone Coverage

  • Although Finland has a broad network for mobile phones, there are some areas in the area without signal. There may also be some smaller spots where there is interference. If this happens try to climb to a higher place or go into an open area. It may be worth removing the SIM card from your phone and then trying again to make emergency call. Different phones also differ in their coverage.
  • We recommend that you keep your mobile phone warm at all times and take along food and drink. Certain phone models do not work when the temperature falls below zero. You should therefore let someone know your planned route. To keep your mobile phone charged, bring along a spare power source, a spare battery or an old phone with a working battery.

Equipment and Safety

  • If you do not have a very good knowledge of the Hämeenkangas area you should always have a proper map with you. 
  • Metsähallitus takes care of firewood maintenance only at some of the area's lean-to shelters and campfire huts. For other points you will have to take firewood with you.
  • There is no waste management in the area; therefore visitors should take great care to bring all their own waste out of the area.
  • There are Metsähallitus maintained dry toilets only at these points; at Viidentienlaavu, Ruskalaavu, Jättikota, Kuninkaanlähde and Koivistonharju lean-to shelters and  Koivistonvati cooking shelter.
  • If you face an emergency on your hike, e.g. get lost, get injured or observe wildfire, call 112 and report an emergency. More information on how to act in an emergency.
  • Make sure you pack a first-aid kit.
  • Hiking in Finland:

112 Emergency Number

If you have an emergency during your trip, such as getting lost, injured or finding a wildfire, call 112. Read more detailed emergency instructions.

Download the 112 Finland application (112.fi) to your phone. When an emergency call is made through the 112 Finland application, the emergency centre attendant is automatically informed of the caller's location.

It is recommended to keep the mobile phone warm and to bring extra food and water with you. There are many excursion locations with no mobile coverage and some mobile phones does not work in sub-zero temperatures, that is why it is always a good idea to let someone know about your itinerary and timetable.

Outdoor Etiquette

1. Respect nature.

2. Mainly use marked trails.

3. Camp only where it is allowed.

4. Light your campfire only where it is allowed.

5. Do not litter.

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